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Parent Info | 2nd Grade Standards

By the end of second grade, our students will be able to:

Language Arts in Reading and Vocabulary

  • Read high frequency words and second grade text with appropriate speed, accuracy, and expression.
  • Recognize and use grade level vocabulary.
  • Use strategies to gain meaning from grade level text.
  • Apply more advanced phonics skills when reading and writing words, sentences, and stories.
  • Read longer, more complex texts, including chapter books.
  • egin editing and revising their work.

Language Arts in Written and Oral Language

  • Listen for a specific purpose.
  • Retell information in an organized manner.
  • Recognize main ideas and distinguish between fact and opinion.
  • Identify and correctly use grade appropriate grammar.
  • Understand and use the five stages of writing (prewriting, drafting, revising, editing and publishing).
  • Write neatly and legibly in cursive with appropriate spacing between letters and words.
  • Write a brief descriptive story with a beginning, middle and end.
  • Write personal and formal letters, thank-you notes, and invitations (including date, proper salutation, and signature).
  • Write complete sentences using correct punctuation and capitalization.
  • Spell grade-appropriate sight and phonetically-spelled words.


  • Count, read, write, and compare whole numbers to 1,000.
  • Order and compare whole numbers to 1,000 by using the symbols <, =, >
  • Understand and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction (e.g., an opposite number sentence for 8 + 6 = 14 is 14 6 = 8) to solve problems and check solutions.
  • Find the sum or difference of two whole numbers up to three digits long.
  • Know the multiplication tables of 2s, 5s, and 10s and commit them to memory.
  • Recognize fractions of a whole and parts of a group (e.g., one-fourth of a pie, two-thirds of 15 balls).
  • Solve problems using combinations of coins and bills.
  • Solve addition and subtraction problems by using data from simple charts, picture graphs, and number sentences.
  • Measure the length of an object to the nearest inch and/or centimeter.
  • Tell time to the nearest quarter hour and know relationships of time (e.g., minutes in an hour, days in a month, weeks in a year).
  • Describe and classify plane and solid geometric shapes (e.g., circle, triangle, square, rectangle, sphere, pyramid, cube, rectangular prism) according to the number and shape of faces, edges, and vertices.
  • Represent the same data set in more than one way (e.g., bar graphs and charts with tallies).

History-Social Science
Using the theme "Continuity and Change"

  • Use map skills focusing on North America and California.
  • Identify geographical features (i.e. deserts, mountains, valleys, hills, coastal areas, oceans, and lakes).
  • Understand the contributions of heroes from the past and present (i.e. Anne Hutchinson, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Frederick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, Martin Luther King Jr.).


  • Life cycle of plants and animals.
  • Earth's Resources and Materials (Rocks and Soil)
  • Fossils
  • Objects in Motion
  • Forces at Work (Tools and Machines)